Step by Step Tutorial on Installing Kali Linux on Your PC/Laptop
If you are looking for a guide on How to install Kali Linux, then you have come to the right place. Below, we have provided a complete guide (tutorial) about installing Kali Linux on your PC/Laptop 2019
So, Let’s get started…!
What is Kali Linux?
Kali Linux is the industry-leading distribution of Linux in penetration testing, ethical piracy, and security auditing.
When it comes to penetration testing, piracy and offensive Linux distributions, one of the first things to mention is Kali Linux. The software comes pre-packaged with a variety of different command-line hacking tools aimed at various information security tasks, such as penetration testing, network security, forensics, and application security. Basically, Kali Linux is the ultimate operating system for ethical hackers and is widely recognized throughout the world, even among Windows users who may not even know what Linux is.
So what makes Kali Linux a preferable option compared to other Linux distributions such as Parrot Security, Backbox, Blackarch, and many others?
Why do people use Kali Linux?
Kali Linux is the most preferred operating system to perform various information security tasks due to the following reasons:
- It offers more than 600 penetration test tools from various security fields and forensic analysis.
- It is fully customizable, so if you do not feel comfortable with the current features of Kali Linux, you can customize Kali Linux any way you want
- Although penetration tools tend to be written in English, Kali provides multilingual support
- It is compatible with a wide range of wireless devices.
- Comes with custom core, patched for injections
- Developed in a safe environment.
- It is free and open-source software.
So, for these reasons, Kali Linux is the most popular operating system used by cybersecurity experts worldwide. If you want to enter the world of cybersecurity and ethical piracy, learning how to install Kali Linux is the first step.
Let’s start with our installation of Kali Linux!
Let’s start Installing Kali Linux
Installing Kali Linux is a fairly simple process and has multiple installation options. The most preferred methods include:
- Install Kali Linux by doing a bootable USB drive Kali (Linux)
- Kali Linux hard drive installation
- Using virtualization software, such as VMware or VirtualBox
- Kali Linux dual boot with the operating system
While you have several options to choose from, in this article, we will learn how to install Kali Linux using virtualization software. By following these steps, you can configure your machine with all the tools you need to perform a full penetration test.
Kali Linux Installation Requirements
- A minimum of 20 GB of free space on your hard drive is recommended.
- At least 4 GB of RAM is recommended when using VMware or VirtualBox
- CD-DVD Drive / USB Support
Starting with the Installation
Note: If you are installing Kali Linux on Your PC/Laptop directly, then skip step1,2, and 3.
Step#1: Install VMware
To run Kali Linux, we will first need some type of virtualization software. While there are many options to choose from, such as Oracle VirtualBox, I prefer to use VMware Workstation. Once the installation is done, start VMware Workstation from your applications folder.
Step#2: Download Kali Linux and check the integrity of the image
To download Kali Linux, you can go to the official download page and select the one that best suits your needs from there. Also, on the download page, you will find a lot of hexadecimal numbers. And those are not there to have fun. Kali Linux is intended to be used for security-related tasks. Therefore, you must verify the integrity of the image you download.
You must verify the SHA-256 fingerprint of the file and compare it with the one provided on the download site.
Step#3: Start a new virtual machine
On the VMware Workstation Pro home page, click on “Create a new virtual machine”, choose the Kali Linux iso file, select the guest operating system and configure the virtual machine details (here, Kali Linux). Start the virtual machine by selecting the VM Kali Linux and then clicking on the green “Power” button.
The machine will start!
Once the machine is on, you will be asked to select your preferred installation mode from the GRUB menu. Select the graphical installation and continue.
The next two screens will ask you to select local information, such as your preferred language, the location of your country and the keyboard layout.
Once you have obtained the local information, the loader will automatically install some additional components and configure the configuration related to your network. Then, the installer will request a hostname and domain for this installation. Provide adequate information for the environment and continue installing.
Set a password for your Kali Linux machine and press continue. Do not forget this password.
After setting the password, the installer will ask you to set the time zone and then stop at the disk partition. The installer will now provide you with four options on disk partitions. The easiest option for you is to use “Guided – Use the entire disk”. Experienced users can use the “Manual” partition method for more granular configuration options.
Select the partitioning disk (the recommended option is all files in a partition for new users) and then click “Continue.”
Confirm all changes that will be made to the disk on the host machine. Note that if you continue, it will erase the data on the disk.
Once you confirm the changes in the partition, the installer will execute the process of installing the files. Let it install the system automatically, which may take a couple of minutes.
Once the necessary files have been installed, the system will ask if you want to configure a network mirror to obtain future pieces of software and updates. Be sure to enable this functionality if you want to use Kali repositories.
Let me configure the files related to the package manager and then …
You will then be asked to install the GRUB bootloader. Select “Yes” and choose the device to write the necessary boot loader information to the hard drive that is required to boot Kali.
Once the installer finishes installing GRUB on the disk, click “Continue” to finish the installation; will install some final stage files.
Now, remove your installation media like USB or CD/DVD and click on Continue.
At this point, Kali has been successfully installed and you are ready to start your journey exploring Kali Linux!